The essential oil of Myrtus communis Tunisian have for
majority compounds a-pinene and the cinéole-1,8 respectively accounting
for 50% and 20% of the gasoline.
It contains moreover limonene (8%
approximately), linalol (2 to 3%), acetate of géranyle (2%), a-terpineol (1 to 2%) and p-cymene (1 to 2%).
A multitude of compounds
present in small quantity even at the state of traces contribute to the
odor of the essential oil of Myrtle of Tunisia :
- Terpenes: camphene,
sabinene, -pinene, d-3-careen,
a-phllandrene, myrcene, cis and trans
- Sesquiterpenes : a-copanene,
- Oxides : oxidize caryophylene, of linalyle, néryle.
- Esters : esters
isobutyric of which the isobutyl isobutyrate (0,4%), the ethyl isobuturate,
the vinyl isobutyrate, acetates of linalyle (0,5%), a-terpényle (0,5%) of
myrtènyle, bomyle, néryle and citronnellyle. These esters take part in
the fruity note characteristic of essential oil
- alcohols and phenols : géraniol,
myrténol, terpinene-4-ol, methyl eugenol, cis-carvéol.